How to remove rust stains in concrete cheap !!! (2 methods)
How to Remove Rust from Cement
Rust stains on cement are a common problem for homeowners, especially those who use well water, as it is common for well water to contain high levels of iron. Such stains are difficult to prevent and can become an eyesore if not properly removed. Though you might not be able to completely remove stains that have been set in your years, you can greatly diminish them.
Removing Minor Stains
Rinse and wash the concrete with soap and water before beginning.Dirt and dust will just get between your cleaner and the stain, making your work less effective. Once you've cleaned the surface of the concrete you should let it dry before moving on.
Pour or spray lemon juice on the rusted surface.Almost all rust remover uses acid to lift and scrub away the stain, and the high concentration of citric acid in pure lemon juice makes it a worth-while cleaning candidate. Pour on the lemon juice and let it sit for 10 minutes before scrubbing with a wire brush.
Pour or spray white vinegar on the rusted surface in place of lemon juice for tougher stains.Let the vinegar sit for several minutes before scrubbing it with a wire brush. Rinse away the rust with some cold water and repeat for difficult stains.
Scrub the surface of the concrete with a brush.Let the lemon juice or vinegar sit for 5-10 minutes. Scrub the surface with a stiff bristled nylon brush if it is smooth or painted concrete. Work in small circles to remove as many of the rust stains as possible.
- Do not use metal bristles as they can remove the top paste layer in the cement and expose the aggregate material beneath this layer.
Rinse off the concrete with cool water when you're finished.After rinsing, let the concrete dry. You may want to go after the stain again when you're done, as multiple washing is often the best way to fully remove rust stains.
Use a sponge and diluted vinegar to scrub any delicate or painted surfaces.If you cannot use a wire brush without damaging the surface, stick to a sponge with some warm water. However, make sure that you test the cleaning product on a small corner of the concrete first -- many acids will strip or ruin the paint. Water down 1 cup of vinegar with 1/2 cup of water and start scrubbing in gentle circles. It may take 3-4 washes, but it will work over time.
Fighting Major Rust Stains
Move on to commercial cleaners if vinegar and lemon juice don't work.For big, persistent stains you'll need to move on to the heavy-duty cleaners. Rinse off the concrete and let it dry before applying any of the following chemicals, and be sure to follow safety precautions:
- Work in a well-ventilated area.
- Wear gloves and eye protection.
- Stick to long sleeved shirts and pants to protect your skin.
Use a cleaner that contains oxalic acid, such as Singerman's or F9 BARC.These sprays are often used to scrub sinks without scratching them, and they will quickly lift up rust stains.
- They often come in liquid or powder form.
- Spray or sprinkle the cleaner on the rusted surface. If the cleaner is made of powder, wet it with water.
- Allow the mixture to sit for several minutes before continuing.
Use Trisodium Phosphate (TSP) to remove persistent rust from cement.Mix 1/2 cup (118.29 ml) of TSP with 1/2 gallon (1.89 L) of hot water. TSP can be purchased at a home improvement store, and needs to be mixed at home.
- Put on gloves before handling TSP.
- Pour the mixture on the rusted surface.
- Allow the mixture to sit for 15 to 20 minutes.
Scrub the surface with a stiff bristled nylon brush and rinse after the cleaner sets in.Just like with your gentle stains, do not use metal bristles, as this can remove the top paste layer in the cement. Instead, us a stiff nylon brush and work in circles to lift up the stain. Rinse away all the cleaner when you're done, taking care to remove all of it. If left on the concrete for too long it may cause discoloration.
Carefully consider hydrochloric acid to remove any stain.Hydrochloric acid, in some tests, is the most effective way to remove rust stains. However, left too long to soak this acid can tint your concrete blue, so you need to act quickly. Dilute the acid a bit with 1 cup of water for 2 cups of acid to give yourself more time and avoid re-coloring your surface; always mix acid to water to avoid a violent reaction.
- Let the acid soak into the stain for 5-10 minutes.
- Scrub away the rust stain, working quickly.
- Rinse the surface thoroughly with water.
- Repeat as needed.
Use a pressure washer for hard to reach or tough stains.If you're having trouble getting to a stain, or can't scrub any harder, leave your acid on the stain for 10 minutes and set up a pressure water. The high-powered hose not only rinses away all the acid for you, it puts concentrated force on the stain to easily lift it off the surface.
Preventing Rust Stains
Seal your concrete for the best protection against rust stains.Concrete sealer is applied like a stain on wood, and it soaks into the pores of the concrete and protects it from stains. You can get it at any home-improvement store. For the best results, reapply the sealer every 2-3 years:
- Choose a weekend with very little chance of rain to work.
- Wash the concrete and remove any existing stains.
- Starting in the corner, roll the sealant onto the concrete.
- Let the sealant sit for 48 hours before placing any furniture on it.
Avoid placing metal bottomed furniture directly on concrete.If you do need to, try and remove it during rainstorms. The number one cause of rust stains comes from outdoor metal furniture that gets wet, but this can be easily prevented with some forethought.
- You can get felt runners, or outdoor carpets and mats, to protect your concrete as well.
- You can try coating your metal furniture with a sealant to prevent rust. You can also seal already rusted furniture to prevent the rust from spreading to your concrete.
- Even interior concrete can get rust stains if the room is moist or humid, so be aware of any metal to concrete interactions.
Ensure that you have non-corroding bar supports when laying your concrete.Some stains come from within the concrete, as water gets to the metal support bars and causes rust stains from within the concrete. The best way to prevent this is to be proactive -- making sure you pay for and get non-corroding bars in your foundation.
Have your house inspected for leaks.Moisture causes rust, so if you have stains on your interior concrete you should get an inspection to look for leaks. The sooner you close up the leak the better, as moisture can cause more damage then just a few easily cleaned stains.
QuestionHow can I prevent rust on cement that is in a garage?
General ContractorGeneral ContractorExpert AnswerTo prevent rust on cement in your garage, I recommend that you prime and paint the garage floor.Thanks!
QuestionI have 15,000 feet of sidewalk with iron oxide. Would it be a good idea to sandblast it?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerTo sandblast concrete, the likelihood is that you will remove the "paste" layer which is a result of a final troweling as the concrete is setting up. If the concrete surface is rough, like a broom finish, then you might consider sandblasting a small area to start with and then wait a week or so to see if the color and/or texture of the concrete changes. Sandblasting still may not remove the rust stains. If the concrete surface was hand or machine troweled for a finish, the odds are good that sandblasting will permanently change the finish and make it more susceptible to staining.Thanks!
QuestionHow can I remove motor oil that leaked onto my driveway?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerPut dry cement on the spot and leave in on a day or two. Kitty litter will also work.Thanks!
QuestionIs it safe to rinse off the rust residue into the grass or garden areas?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerYes, but only if it is the rust residue. Any chemical or acid product needs to be considered on an individual basis.Thanks!
What attachment can I add to my well (for irrigation only) to get rid of rust?
What to use to remove the rust left by corrosive bars?
I have rust patches on the eaves of my roof. What is the best way to fix them?
Well water has turned my sidewalks dark brown so what would help to restore them?
- If the rust was caused by a metal rebar that is protruding out of the cement, seal the cement with concrete sealer after you clean the rusted surface in order to prevent future rust build up. This can be purchased at a home improvement store. Follow the directions that come with the product.
- To minimize rust stains, avoid spraying water on concrete surfaces while watering your lawn.
- For best results, a pressure washer should be used for rinsing.
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