Doll test - The effects of racism on children (ENG)
How to Recognize Racism
Recognizing racism is an important skill that everyone should have. Despite significant strides, racism is still a problem both in America and abroad. Stay alert to racism at work that might prevent racial minorities from getting a job or promotion. Listen for racist jokes, qualified comments, and denial that racial minorities can achieve anything of significance. Finally, stay aware of structural racism that creeps into law, economics, and other aspects of society.
Recognizing Racism in the Workplace
Look for stereotyping.Stereotyping is assigning certain qualities to people based solely on their race. Believing that all Asians are really good at math, for instance, is a stereotype. It makes no difference whether the stereotype assigns positive or negative qualities to a person — either way, it’s still a sign of racism.
- People who stereotype others often make blanket statements using an “us” and “them” structure. For instance, you might hear a coworker or manager say, “They are all too lazy to work here.”
Beware of hostility.Racism often manifests in the workplace as a hostile tone, behavior, or attitude toward workers of a certain race. Either a manager or a coworker might perpetrate hostility against you because of your race. Racial hostility could take many forms, including:
- Physical intimidation or abuse
- Assigning workloads that are unequal to those of one’s peers (either more or less work)
- Mocking an accent or way of speaking
Keep an eye out for unfair criticism.If a racial minority in the workplace is told consistently that their work is never good enough, it might be because of their race. Racists might overreact to situations that are not a big deal, or react less critically to the same situation when someone of their race does the same thing.
- Unfair criticism might result in harsh employee reviews and a failure to be promoted. Racial minorities in a workplace might not get a raise or be paid the same amount, even when their peers of a different race are moving up the ladder. Look for patterns in which individuals are not promoted.
Look for biased hiring practices.If you notice that there are few racial minorities employed in your workplace, the company might have racist hiring practices or management. This is hard to notice unless you’re inside a company and privy to the hiring and interview practices of the company. Look out for people who, for instance, discard applications with “unusual” or ethnic names before even interviewing the individuals. This is a good indicator of racism.
Recognizing Racism in Personal Beliefs
Look for people who advocate segregation.Non-racists believe that all people, regardless of their skin color, are equal, and they have no problem living in a multicultural community. Racists, on the other hand, believe that races should live separately and not mix with one another. This belief is based only on racism, not on fact.
- Racists might try moving to or starting communities where there are few or no racial minorities.
- Racists might also discourage or disapprove of interracial relationships or marriages.
Look for people who claim to be “color-blind.”The “color-blind” ideology is one that argues that because our schools and jobs are available for people of any race and gender, and because our laws apply to everyone equally, there is no need to acknowledge differences between races. The problem with this point of view is that laws are applied differently depending on the person's race.
- The counter-protest movement “All Lives Matter,” for instance, is an example of racist color-blind ideology. It is opposed to the “Black Lives Matter” movement that seeks to address the disparities of opportunity for people of color in the United States.
- Color-blind ideology serves to make the struggles of racial minorities invisible by pretending racial discrimination is a thing of the past.
Recognizing Racism in the Public Sphere
Pay attention to the response during high-profile racial incidents.After a racially-related incident, many will try to justify the situation in order to make the racial minority look like the villain. For instance, after Michael Brown, a black man, was killed by white police, media and (more frequently) internet commentators claimed that the violence against Brown was justified.
- Many people use such opportunities to go beyond simply justifying situations that have racial overtones to claiming that every member of a certain race ought to meet a similar fate. These racist statements are an easy way to recognize racism.
- The same people who are unsympathetic to violence or injustice against minorities are often quick to draw attention to violence or perceived injustices against people of their own race.
Stay attentive to structural racism.It is easy to detect racism when examining the social structures of society. Take a step back when thinking about the accessibility and equality of social institutions. You will quickly recognize racism at their very core.
- In economics, for instance, you might notice that the average household income for black Americans is close to half (,400 annually) what it is for whites (,250). The average median household income for Hispanics, similarly, is well below that of whites, at ,500 per year.
- The educational system, likewise, is steeply stacked against certain racial minorities. Far fewer blacks than whites attend college, and blacks drop out of high school at higher rates than their white peers.
- Think about arrest rates or how often people are stopped by police. Racial minorities are consistently stopped more than whites, even though they make up a smaller percentage of the population.
Look for double standards.If a racist sees someone of their own race do or say something harmless, but worthy of criticism, they might pay it no mind; however, if someone of another race does the same thing, the racist person might be extremely angry and critical. Racism is behind this double standard.
- For instance, if a black politician says, “We don’t need to spend any more education,” he or she might be criticized by white media and citizens; however, if a white politician says the same thing, there might be less outrage simply because they are white.
Recognizing Racism in Personal Conversation
Question frequent references to race.You can recognize racism in everyday speech when someone often notes another person’s race when talking about them. For instance, you might hear a comment like, “That black fellow, James, was walking around.” Framing the conversation with references like this serves to indicate that (in the opinion of the speaker) there is something odd or strange about the person just because their race is different. This is a racist way of speaking and thinking.
- This might also take the form of an implied or explicit surprise that racial minorities have achieved something. A backhanded compliment like, “You’re well-read for a Hispanic,” is, at the very least, a sign of ignorance, and probably a sign of racism.
Look for denial.Denying that a racial minority can achieve certain things is a hallmark of racism. There are many examples of this. For instance, many believe that President Obama only got into Harvard because of affirmative action policies, rather than because of his innate intelligence and ability. This perspective is — intentionally or unintentionally — based in racism.
Pay attention to racist comments.Racist comments often take the form of, “I’m not a racist, but . . .” followed by a blatantly racist comment. People who make these comments are aware that they sound racist because theyareracist. Recognize qualifying statements and racist rhetoric for what they are: ignorant racism.
Examine privilege and intersectionality.When presented with the idea that a white person has certain advantages over others based solely on their race (such as the assumption that any failings or flaws will not be attributed to your race), a racist person may fail to take responsibility or acknowledge those benefits. The person may feel threatened and become defensive, insisting they do not benefit from racism.
- Being privileged by your race does not mean you haven't experienced discrimination in other ways. Intersectionality acknowledges that a person may enjoy some privileges based on being white and that they canalsoexperience discrimination based on their gender, class, sexual orientation, disabilities, etc.
- Acknowledging white privilege doesn't mean a person hasn't suffered hardships or worked hard for what they have accomplished.
- Denying the existence of white privilege or that white people are given certain advantages limits progress and cooperation when trying to eradicate racism.
- If the suggestion of white privilege causes someone to become angry and talk about all the ways they have struggled, this is a subtle form of racism.
QuestionIs it racist for a manager to make a statement to a vendor that their name is Kiki or Keisha if that person is black?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerIf their name is Kiki or Keisha, it is not racist to address them as such. If that's not their name, then yes, that could be considered racist and should be reported to HR.Thanks!
QuestionIs this racist? My friend always asks me "Are you from Africa?"Top AnswererYes, this is racist, possibly unintentionally. The "Where are you from?" style of question presupposes that white people come from the local area, but people of color must come from somewhere else. Here's an article that goes into greater depth: http://everydayfeminism.com/2015/09/asking-asian-ppl-where-from/ It's very strange that your friend is asking you this multiple times. Next time, try telling your friend. "I've already told you that I'm from (Chicago, London, wherever). Why do you keep asking?" It may be that your friend is trying to make you feel uncomfortable or alienated, in which case they may not be a very good friend. Listen to their explanation and consider their motivations.Thanks!
QuestionIs it not racist to assume that all non-minorities have some form of privilege? And, if it isn't, please explain why?Top AnswererIt's not racist. Having privilege isn't evil. I have white privilege. This means that I will not be denied a job because of my race, I won't be bullied because of it, I won't be violently attacked because of it, etc. While I do face legitimate problems (like family issues and ableism about my disability), none of these problems are because I'm white. People see my whiteness and they are more likely to be kind, respectful, and nonjudgmental towards me. That is privilege. When people talk about privilege, it's usually about the need to understand that not everyone has it, and that we need to work towards a more fair world. I want people of color to have the same opportunities that I do!Thanks!
QuestionHow do I tell if someone meant to be racist or if they were joking?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerThere's a thin line between those two. If someone made an offensive statement about race, it doesn't really matter if they were joking or not, it's still racist, and you should feel free to speak up and say that you're uncomfortable or offended.Thanks!
- It's important to note that people often think of racism as an obvious, evil thing (racists are in the KKK, are overtly hateful, etc.). But racism is also about unconscious assumptions, social preferences, norms and privileges, things that we might not recognize immediately.
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