How to Make a Telescope at home | DIY Telescope



How to Make a Telescope

Two Methods:

Telescopes make distant objects appear nearer, using a combination of lenses and mirrors. If you happen to have no telescopes or binoculars at home, and you can make one yourself! Take note that the images may appear upside down.

Steps

Making a Telescope with Magnifying Glasses

  1. Gather your materials.You'll need a piece of corrugated paper that is about 24 inches in length (this is a ridge material, easily available from paper stores or craft stores). You'll need two magnifying glasses that are NOT the same size. You will also need strong glue, scissors, and a pencil.
    • If the magnifying glasses are the same size, the telescope won't work.
  2. Hold one magnifying glass (the bigger one) between you and the paper.The image of the print will look blurry. Place the second magnifying glass between your eye and the first magnifying glass.
  3. Move the second glass forward or backward until the print comes into sharp focus.You will notice that the print appears larger and upside down.
  4. Wrap the paper around one of the magnifying glasses.Mark the diameter on the paper with the pencil. Make sure that it is pulled tight.
  5. Measure along the edge of the paper from the first mark.You will need to measure about 1 1/2 inches from the mark. This will create the extra length to glue around the magnifying glass.
  6. Cut down the marked line on the paper to the other side.You should be cutting across the width of it (don't cut lengthwise). The paper should be about 24 inches in length on one side. Cut a slot in the cardboard tube near the front opening about an inch (2.5 cm) away. Do not cut all the way through the tube. The slot should be able to hold the large magnifying glass.
  7. Cut a second slot in the tube the same distance from the first slot as was written down between the two glasses.This is where the second magnifying glass will go.
    • You should now have two lengths of corrugated paper. One piece should be slightly larger than the other.
  8. Place the two magnifying glasses in their slots (big one at front, little one at back) and tape them in with the duct tape.Leave about 0.5 - 1 inch (1 - 2 cm) of tube behind the small magnifying glass and cut off any excess tube remaining.
  9. Glue first length of paper around one of the magnifying glasses.You'll need to glue the edges of the paper together as well, since you've left about 1 1/2 inches of paper.
  10. Make the second magnifying glass tube.This one will need to be slightly bigger than the first one. Not too much bigger, only so that the first will fit into the second one.
  11. Slot the 1st tube into the 2nd.You can now use this telescope for looking at things farther away, although it will be difficult to view the stars clearly. This type of telescope is really good for viewing the moon.
    • The images will be upside down, since astronomers don't care about up and down in space (there is no up or down in space, after all). if you wish to align the image with gravity, you can use two prisms aligned in an "N" shape to correct the image, but you will have to re-position the lenses.

Making a Telescope with Lenses

  1. Gather materials.You'll need two lenses, a mailing tube that has an inside tube and an outside tube (you can get this at the post office or office supply store; it should have a diameter of 2 inches and a length of 43.3 inches), a coping saw, a box cutter, some strong glue and a drill.
    • Lenses should be a different focal length. For best results get a concave-convex lens with a diameter of 49 mm, and a focal length of 1,350 mm and a plano-concave lens with a diameter of 49 mm, and a focal length of 152 mm.
    • It's very easy to order lenses off the internet and they aren't very expensive. You can get the pair of lenses for about .
    • The coping saw is the most effective for making clean, straight lines, but you can use any other kind of saw or cutting device if you need to.
  2. Cut the outer tube in half.You'll need both sections, but the inner tube will act to space them out. The lenses will go in either section of the outer tube.
  3. Cut 2 pieces from the inner tube of the mailing tube.These will be your spacers and they should be about 1 to 1.5 inches in diameter. Make sure you cut clean and straight with the coping saw (or other tool).
    • The spacers hold the second lens in place at the end of the outer section of the mailing tube.
  4. Make eye-hole in mailing tube cap.Use the drill to apply light pressure to the middle of the cap to create your eye hole. Again, this will need to be as smooth and as clean as possible to create the best viewing results.
  5. Drill holes on the outside of the large tube.You'll need to make the holes where the lens is going to be placed in the outer tube, because the holes allow you to put glue into the inner part of the tube. Near the end of the inner tube is the best place, about an inch in.
    • You'll also need to the make holes at the end of the outer tube for the eyepiece and the cap.
  6. Glue eyepiece lens against removable cap.The eyepiece lens is the plano-concave lens and the flat side needs to be against the cap. You'll glue through the holes you made and turn the lens to spread the glue. Press tube against lens until the glue is dry.
  7. Cut off closed end of outer tube.You'll end up sticking the inner tube into the outer tube through this hole.
  8. Insert first spacer into outer tube.The spacer will need to lie flat on the inside of the outer tube to hold the concave-convex lens in place. You'll need to drill the holes and put the glue in like you did with the eyepiece.
  9. Insert lens and second spacer.You'll need to make the holes, put the glue in and spread it around. Press firmly until the glue has dried.
  10. Insert inner tube into outer tube.You can slide the pieces as necessary to get the right focus. Since this is about 9x you should be able to see the moon's surface really well and even Saturn's rings. Anything else will be too far away for your telescope.
  11. Finished.

Community Q&A

Search
  • Question
    How can I improve this simple telescope?
    gimhan sandeepa
    Community Answer
    You can increase the magnification power of the lenses, and also add a third or fourth lens.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    How I turn the upside down image to a virtual image?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    You have to insert one more lenses in between but by doing so the size or length of the telescope will be double or more than double what it is now.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    How many lenses can be used in between these two lenses?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    None, as adding lenses between them changes the behavior of the light passing through. You could, however, make a telescope with theoretically infinite lenses, if they're spaced out properly. However, bear in mind that every lens you add reduces image quality, brightness, contrast, etc.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Can I make a telescope with one magnifying glass?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Certainly not. You need a minimum of two - one for the eye piece and the other for the far end.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    In some pictures there are magnifying glasses with handles, and in other pictures it's just the lens. Which one should we get?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    The lens. A whole magnifying glass is probably more commonly used, but a lens is much more more comfortable to hold.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Are there any effects from looking at the sun?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    You should not look at the Sun with a telescope, even for a second, as this could cause permanent blindness.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Do I have to have a light source in my telescope for it to work?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    No. Telescopes take in light from the object you are observing and do not need a built in light source.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    What is the magnification of this design?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    It doesn't state the magnification power of the lenses/magnify glasses, but using this structure you can make a reasonably powerful telescope.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Where can I buy lenses?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    You can use the larger lens from a magnifying glass or shop at a specialty science store.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    How can I put the lenses in if the roll is so small?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Get a bigger roll, then apply super glue on the edges of the lens and put it in. It should perfectly fit. Poke it in with a pencil if you need to.
    Thanks!
Unanswered Questions
  • What Object s do I need to build a Very large telescope.like the one inside a DOME?
  • How much to objective lens optical x value?
  • How do I make the lens of a telescope?
  • What type and size of lens will I need?
  • I have two lenses that are the same size but their strengths are different, what to do?
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Quick Summary

To make a telescope, start by wrapping a piece of 24 inch long corrugated paper around the diameter of a magnifying glass lens. Next, glue the paper into a tube shape and use scissors to cut 2 slots into it about 1 inch from each end. Then, place two magnifying glass lenses of different sizes into the slots and glue them into place. Finally, make another tube slightly larger than the first and slide the tube with the lenses into it.

Did this summary help you?
  • Make sure you get the right lenses for the second telescope, since the wrong lenses will mean you won't get to see anything.

Warnings

  • Do Not Look Directly at the Sun or any other Bright objects using telescope, it may DAMAGE your eyes.
  • Be careful not to drop the magnifying glass, it breaks easily.

Things You'll Need

For the magnifying glass telescope:

  • Two magnifying glasses, not the same size
  • A roll of corrugated paper
  • strong glue
  • scissors
  • a pencil

For the lens telescope:

  • Two lenses: concave-convex lens with a diameter of 49 mm, and a focal length of 1,350 mm and a plano-concave lens with a diameter of 49 mm, and a focal length of 152 mm
  • A mailing tube with inner and outer tubes
  • Coping saw
  • Box cutter
  • Drill or electrician's punch

Related wikiHows

Sources and Citations

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Date: 17.01.2019, 12:05 / Views: 45331